e are at the verge of a technological jump with respect to Transportation. The future of transportation is going to look very different than it is today. Driver less Vehicles, on Demand shared vehicles and Eco-friendly cars will shape the future of Human mobility.
Battery integrated electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel powered vehicles are considered to be a game changer for the future of Human mobility. It is expected that both of these technologies will power the majority of cars and buses in the coming 15-20 years. While the majority of people are familiar with battery integrated electric vehicles made by Tesla, Mahindra, Lucid and Nissa,the hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicles are relatively less known.
In this article we will try to compare these two future vehicle technologies on the basis of the above characteristics.
|Factors||Battery Integrated Electric Vehicle||
Hydrogen Fuel Cell vehicle
|Refuelling/Charging time||90 to 110 KM for 20-25 min charging (Tesla Roadster-2018)||300-500 KM for 5-7 min refuelling|
|Fuel Cost||$: 0.08-0.09/kWh||$: 0.59-0.7/ltr|
|Power (Engine)||0-60 mph in 2 second||0 to 60 mph in 10 second (Toyota-Mirai)|
|Initial Investment||High||Lower than EVs|
|Zero-Emission||Not fully zero-emission||Fully zero-emission|
|Safety||safer||Hydrogen storage issue|
|Toxic materials||Using more toxic material e.g. nickel, cadmium, lithium etc
|Using less toxic material (only for electrolytes)|
Comparison Between Electric Vehicles and Hydrogen Fuel Vehicles
International car companies are investing heavily in Electric cars and most of them have already launched their prototype vehicle or are in the process of launching one. There is no doubt that electric vehicles will dominate the automobile market in upcoming years. But still there some major drawbacks using electric vehicles like long charging time, price, safety. The term Zero emission through electric vehicles is still questionable because to charge electric vehicles, the power may be generated by burning conventional fuels in power plants.Hence these cars are not so green after all, Where as Hydrogen Fuel Vehicles are greener , have less toxic materials, faster refueling time but Safety is an issue .
So What do you think ? Which one will be the future of Human Mobility?