TELECOM SECTOR : A PARADIGM SHIFT TOWARDS CLEANER ENERGY – A Whitepaper

TELECOM SECTOR : A PARADIGM SHIFT TOWARDS CLEANER ENERGY – A Whitepaper

Every year, 120,000 new base stations are deployed servicing 400 million new
mobile subscribers around the world. Remote regions of India often rely on
inefficient diesel generators for power, which significantly grow the carbon
footprint. Operational costs in remote areas are aggravated more due to
transportation difficulties and the fact that diesel costs have risen 100% since
2015.

It is expected that deregulation of diesel prices, if continued with current
regulatory fees, tax structure and marketing margin, would result in an increase
in diesel price further in upcoming days. In other words, energy costs could
constitute more than 90% of the cost of operating telecom towers, everything
else being constant.

So, to curb the power issues and to reduce carbon
emissions, it has become imperative for the telecom industries to evaluate all
alternative options. The growing cost of energy due to diesel prices and concerns
over rising greenhouse emissions have caused tower infrastructure companies to
focus on better power management methods.

Various methods in the categories
of demand management, supply management and renewable energy
technologies (RETs) are being adopted.

OVERVIEW OF TELECOM INDUSTRIES AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION

  • Unreliable electrical grid supply is one of the biggest challenges faced
    by the rapidly growing telecom tower industry in India. Today, on
    average, 70 percent of the approximately 400,000 mobile towers in
    India face electrical grid outages in excess of 8 hours a day
  • India is the second largest telecom market in the world followed by
    China. The telecom subscriber base in the country is dominated by the
    wireless segment which accounts for about 97% of the total subscriber
    base.
  • The wireless subscriber base in India stood at 1,033.6 million at the
    end of 2015-2016 financial year.
  • Approximate consumption of mobile tower is 3-5 kilowatts depending
    on the numbers of operator using the tower.
  •  According to TRAI an average fuel consumption of 8,760 liters diesel
    every year per tower assuming 8 hours of operation by diesel.
  •  Total Co2 Emission by using of Diesel is 10 metric tone.
  •  By using of Renewable Energy like solar energy can reduce the Co2
    foot print And consumption of Diesel.

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